Top 12 Investment Options in India – A Comprehensive Guide

Investment options in India

All income earners are concerned about selecting the best investment options for capital management. Although saving money is vital for a future that will be financially stable, you shouldn’t rely solely on your savings.

Therefore, choosing among the best investment options in India is approach to ensure that your funds increase over time. Investments are frequently equated with equities or the stock market.

But it’s only partially accurate. Other than these, fixed deposits, Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIP), liquid funds, and treasury securities are among the top investment opportunities in India.

To maximize returns and reduce related risk, it is essential to think about diversifying your investment with sound investing options.

What characteristics distinguish a good investment opportunity?

A savings plan’s efficiency can be determined by various factors, including its adaptability in making investments, pre-withdrawal, and the amount of tax exemption it provides. Most investors’ investment decisions are influenced by the following factors, which are listed below:

a) The ability to invest & withdraw at any time
b) The ability to invest any amount
c) A relatively safe risk-return proposition
d) A customised investment period
e) Tax advantages and other advantages

You may choose which factor is more important to you when making a long-term investment based on your objectives and needs. Also, remember that you can’t have the best of both worlds; each investment will have a few strong factors while sacrificing others. For example, if you invest for higher leverage, you may lose out on overall returns.

Best Investment Options in India for 2022

Long Term Investment Options in India

The objectives you wish to accomplish over the following seven to ten years are known as long-term ambitions. Because of this, you could choose erratic solutions but also have the potential to provide significant returns over the run when selecting the best investment options for the long term.

In light of this, you must determine the level of volatility you can tolerate before investing.

Let’s examine several investment opportunities in India that might meet your long-term investment goals, the risks they pose, and the potential returns they hold.

1. Direct Equity

Choosing between long-term and short-term investments ought to be among your initial decisions. Direct equity investing is among the best and most consistent investment options in India. It has to do with a company’s equity shares, which tie you to ownership of the business under the law.

By purchasing shares of a corporation, you also acquire the right to participate in shareholder meetings and influence corporate decisions. Additionally, you receive a percentage of the company’s profits as a dividend based on the number of shares you own. It would be best if you understood as an investor that a company’s success affects the share price, both favorably & unfavorably. You may also decide to return the shares to the firm or a third party based on the state of the market and your risk tolerance.

2. Mutual Funds: Best Investment Options in India

A person should assess the risk before investing, even though mutual fund investments are susceptible to market risk. Mutual funds might develop into your ideal investment possibilities if you comprehend the market, its risks, and how to use them to multiply your money.

You can build an investment portfolio depending on your choices, whether you want to invest for the long or short term. Monthly periodic investment or systematic withdrawal plans can be suitable investments if you desire a stable income from mutual funds but have reduced risk tolerance. It may also be a good option if you’re looking for an investment option in India and want a significant return.

investment options in India


3. Real Estate Investment Opportunity in India

It is undoubtedly among the most well-liked investment options among Indians. Even though real estate investments have historically delivered incredible profits, they are not without their array of dangers and restrictions.

Property investment carries many risks, one of which is the possibility that it won’t be sold quickly.

Additionally, if you need to sell the house soon, you could have to offer a steep discount. Furthermore, even though the amount of money you require is less than the property’s value, you will still have to sell the entire asset to raise the necessary sum.
Real Estate Investment Opportunity in India

4. Small Saving Investment Options in India (NPS)

The government has developed many small investment options for those seeking to engage in highly safe investment opportunities in India. These programs provide participants with guaranteed returns with minimum instability.

However, your returns are smaller than those of market-linked investments like NPS, mutual funds, and equities. But despite this, small savings plans frequently outperform FDs and inflation by a sizable percentage. Investment options, including Public Provident Fund (PPF), Senior Citizens Savings Scheme (SCSS), the Sukanya Samriddhi Scheme, and the Kisan Vikas Patra, are small savings plans for the long term.


Unit Linked Insurance Plan (ULIP) is another excellent investment option in India for those who desire insurance and returns correlated to the market. A life insurance policy that gives you the opportunity of both life coverage and investing in various funds is something you can purchase.

For long-term wealth creation, a portion of your premium is put into asset types like bonds and stocks. Your premium also includes money for a life insurance policy. ULIPs have historically been known for having hefty fees. New ULIPs don’t have such high costs, though. However, they still have a 5-year lock-in period.

6. AIF ( Alternative Investment Funds)

An alternative investment fund, or AIF, is an anonymously pooled investment option created or established in India that gathers resources from knowledgeable investors, either national or international, for investing in accordance with a specified investment policy for the benefit of its investors.

AIFs can be incorporated in India as corporations, limited liability partnerships (LLPs), corporate entities, or trusts. AIFs invest in non-traditional investments (for example, equities or fixed income). AIFs are divided into three major categories by the Securities and Exchange Board of India. specifically, Category I, Category I, and Category III AIF.

According to the broad description of the category, each has a distinct type of investment. Private equity, venture capital, hedge funds, angel funds, and so on are a few of them. Additionally, AIFs are not subject to SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India) mutual fund restrictions.  Alternative Investment Funds are a good option for investors who want to diversify their holdings.

Investments in AIFs are accessible to all Indians, including NRIs, PIOs, and OCIs. Though, they will need to fulfil the requirements for qualifying.


People can invest in extensive, income-producing real estate through real estate investment trusts (REITs). A firm that owns and normally manages income-producing real estate or associated assets is known as a REIT. Office buildings, commercial centers, residences, restaurants, resorts, warehouses, & mortgages or loans may be among them.

A REIT doesn’t build real estate properties to resell them like other real estate firms do. Conversely, a REIT purchases and builds properties largely in order to manage them as part of its own investment portfolio. Individual investors can participate in the revenue generated by commercial real estate ownership by REITs without having to physically go out and purchase any tangible commercial real estate.

You should be aware of the advantages & hazards to you prior to investing in a REIT, depending on whether or not it is publicly listed.

Medium Term Investment Opportunities in India

Three to five years from now are considered to be medium-term objectives. Saving for your wedding, child education, a down payment for a home, a home renovation, etc., are a few examples of medium-term goals.

You need investment options that can keep pace with inflation by a substantial margin while not being overly unstable for medium-term investment objectives. These investment opportunities can help you achieve your financial goals over the medium term.

8. Hybrid Funds Investment Options in India

These kinds of mutual funds make investments across several asset classes. Equity and Debt are the most widely used two asset groups in these programs. However, some hybrid funds also make investments in gold or real estate. These funds have the benefit of combining Debt’s sustainability and equities’ potential growth into one investment scheme.

Best Investment Options in India for Short-term

When choosing the most suitable short-term investing options, two crucial factors must be considered. The risk to the investment income must be reduced first. Secondly, you need to have easy access to your investments. Let’s examine the investment opportunities that can accomplish these two goals.

9. Liquid Funds

Investing in government bonds and other securities through liquid funds is similar to stock market investments. The fact that there is no lock-in time and you can withdraw money as needed makes it among the most significant investing options available in India.

Liquid funds are among the best investment options in India for short-term investments. If you want to use the money to accomplish short-term objectives, you can invest in it for three to five years and remove funds as needed. One of the most acceptable investing options is this since mutual funds are more susceptible to market dangers than individual stocks.

10. Fixed Deposit

This is among the most well-liked investment options in India because it provides assured profits. FDs operate in a very straightforward manner. When you deposit money in the bank, you are guaranteed a specific return on your principal investment at the end of the term.

With reputable banks, non-banking financial institutions (NBFCs), and the post office, FD and RD accounts can be easily created. While FDs are among the safest forms of investing, they have some substantial drawbacks. FD post-tax returns just about kept up with inflation.

Investing in FDs will fundamentally result in negative returns and gradual capital erosion. FDs also charge a fee if you withdraw your investments before maturity. FDs’ low liquidity is a serious drawback as a result.


FCNR refers to Foreign Currency Non-Residential Account. You can choose an FCNR FD account if you’re an NRI and want to open an account for fixed-term investments in India. It is a term deposit account that is available to NRE/NRO account holders and resembles a standard fixed deposit.

In terms of luring international remittances, an FCNR account is a profitable choice for NRIs. Because the funds are kept in their native currency, investors are safe from any volatility in the value of the foreign currency and can earn risk-free profits.

The bank as well as the type of currency deposited determine the interest rates offered by an FCNR account. Before making an investment in a specific bank, it is essential to verify its policies on early withdrawal.

12. Insurance Products

Insurance Products refers to all short-term health insurance, limited indemnification plans, group healthcare plans, as well as all other insurance & auxiliary products (such as medication benefit, telemedicine, or pet insurance) sold by or on behalf of firm & corporate groups either directly, indirectly, or through their distribution network.

This includes, without constraint, all products in which the corporation and/or corporate parties enter into contracts with carriers, providers, or other service providers.

best investment options in India

Which Investment Programs generate the Highest Returns?

Investment returns are frequently influenced by the efficiency of the investment and the time you retain it. Even so, few investment opportunities guarantee a fixed rate of return if you keep investing for a set period. As a result, you have two kinds of investments:

1. Investing in Fixed Income
2. Investments in the Stock Market

It would help if you combined these investment opportunities in your holdings to build yourself a healthy corpus.

Fixed Investment

You will receive a fixed rate of return from fixed investments, also known as non-linked investments. The rates of return are unrelated to market efficiency. Because these investment opportunities are less risky, they provide steady interest rates. These kinds of investments are extremely important for wealth preservation.

Fixed investments are classified as follows:

a) Savings Account

b) National Pension Scheme

c) Senior Citizen Savings Scheme

d) Savings Account

e) RBI Bonds

You can get a fixed rate of interest from all of these. It should be noted that the relevant interest rate is susceptible to fluctuation at any time.

Contrarily, Market-Linked Investments do not guarantee a fixed rate of return. These are limitless and have the potential to generate extremely high returns. Your return will be determined by how you handle your market-linked investments.

Factors that may have an impact on your returns

1. Market performance

2. The fund method you select

3. The duration of time you stay invested

These are riskier since they are dependent on market performance.

These are thought to be riskier since they are dependent on market performance.

Market-Linked Investment Examples

a) Stocks

b) Mutual funds

c) Unit-Linked Insurance Plans

How Do I Choose The Best Investment Options in India?

To achieve varying rates of return, each investment option we have examined carries a distinct level of risk. There is no single investment opportunity that can meet all of your demands.

Depending on your risk tolerance, time horizon, and expected returns, you must strategically construct a portfolio of various investment options to meet your objectives. However, determining your overall risk, the best investment options, the best exit plan, etc., is never simple.

To handle these critical investment decisions, you require ongoing advice from a professional & Prosperidhi Financial Services can assist you here. Our team of expert financial advisors will help you select the best investment options in India, and also assist you while you do the retirement planning. If you are in and around Delhi and looking for Best Financial Advisors for Investment in Delhi (SEBI Registered) then Google and check for the best. If you are looking for Tax consultants in Delhi (NRI Services) then we will surely be right choice for you. If you are looking for Mutual Funds in Delhi then look out for Top Mutual Fund Advisor in Delhi